Uterine cancer symptoms are generally simple to diagnose and commonly involve abnormal vaginal bleeding, either during the menstrual period, between periods, or after menopause.
Typically uterine cancer (endometrial cancer) develops after menopause in women (ages 50-60).
Any condition which increases the levels of the hormone estrogen, but not the hormone progesterone, increase the risk for developing uterine cancer.
Risk factors include early (in terms of age) menstrual periods and menopause, never having children, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, estrogen therapy and general menstrual problems.
Uterus cancer symptoms:
- abnormal vaginal bleeding
- irregular menstrual period flow
- vaginal bleeding after menopause
- watery, bloody vaginal discharge
Diagnosis is typically through a combination of Pap test, tissue biopsy,uterine scraping, and examination of the uterine lining with a camera (hysteroscopy).
Prognosis for uterine cancer is typically good with the potential for cure.
Treatment is commonly by surgical removal of the uterus (hysterectomy), and perhaps the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and local lymph nodes as well.
Chemotherapy, radiation, and progestin (progesterone hormone replacement) are typically also administered.