Urinary tract infection symptoms. Urinary tract infection, which is commonly referred to as UTI, is an infection in the body’s urinary tract and more commonly affects women than men. It is often caused by intestinal bacteria that are inadvertently spread from the anus to the urinary tract. These bacteria are usually from the bowels, typically spread through sexual intercourse practices, or incorrect personal hygiene practices. It could also be due to conditions created during pregnancy or menopause, or because of abnormalities like diabetes.
UTI has two main types: first is UTI which involves the kidneys, which is known as pyelonephritis, and UTI which involves the urethra and the ureters, which is known as urethritis.
Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms
It is important for women to have knowledge about urinary tract infection symptoms. This would help a lot in determining whether or not an individual experiences UTI.
Urinary tract infection symptoms commonly depend on the type of UTI you have. For a lower urinary tract infection or cystisis, the common symptoms are dysuria or the pain characterized by urination, frequent urination, and blood in the urine, abdominal pains and little amount of urine. Lower urinary tract infection symptoms can also include mild fever, as well as chills for some cases. On the other hand, those urinary tract infection symptoms involving the upper urinary tract or the pyelonephritis include chills, frequent vomiting and high fever. As can be seen, those symptoms of the upper UTI are easier to observe than those of the lower UTI.
Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosis
One of the best ways to diagnose UTIs is through urine tests. These would allow the doctors to know whether or not a person has UTI. Other tests that could be used include pelvic exam, ultrasound, rectum exam, IVP or intravenous pyelogram, CT scan, as well as cystoscopy. Although, the symptoms that you report to the doctor would also help in determining if you experiences UTI.
Urinary Tract Infection Treatment
The most common treatment for UTI is antibiotics. Usually, these antibiotics are taken for about a week or so depending on the prescription of the doctor. It is very much necessary that the antibiotics would come from your physician to avoid any complications. It would also be helpful to drink a lot of water to clean the body and avoid coffee, smoking and alcohol to help lessen the work of the kidneys. After the treatment period, urinalysis is again made to ensure that the UTI is gone.