Type 2 diabetes symptoms are generally similar to the disease type 1 diabetes. Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, the pancreas has not lost the ability to create insulin, the cells of the body simply have developed a resistance to it.
Blood sugar levels increase and cells are not able to intake sugar to use for their normal metabolic needs. Multiple complications can arise as a result of this sugar imbalance.
Type 2 diabetes typically begins after 30 years of age and occurs more frequently as age progresses.
Obesity has been identified as one of the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- frequent urination
- excessive quantities of urine
- excessive thirst
- weight loss
- persistent hunger
- blurred vision
- quick to fatigue
- abdominal pain
- deep and rapid breathing
- breath smells like nail polish remover (ketones)
Type 2 diabetes disease symptoms may not appear in affected individuals for years or decades. The early type 2 diabetes symptoms may be very minor and may go unnoticed.
With some environmental or induced stress blood sugar levels can rise to very high levels. Seizures, confusion or a drowsy feeling may result.
Oppositely, hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, may develop in early type 2 diabetes.
Diagnosis for type 2 diabetes is accomplished by blood testing.
There is currently no cure. Treatment for type 2 diabetes is through blood sugar monitoring and insulin administration (self-managed by individual from home).
Weight control through diet, exercise, and education are also very effective in helping control the disease.
Type 2 diabetes has potentially severe health effects, aside from its symptoms, if not treated or controlled properly.
Potentially fatal cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic conditions can result from the disease.