Type 1 diabetes symptoms are generally similar to the other diabetes mellitus form, type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs following the destruction of some portion (typically greater than 90%) of the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas.
The body is then not able to produce its own insulin, the hormone that helps regulate the uptake of sugars into the cells of the body. Cells require sugar for their own health and metabolic activities.
Since insulin is not available sugar levels in the blood increase and sugar levels within cells of the body decrease. The type 1 diabetes disease symptoms then appear.
Approximately 1 in 10 diabetes cases are type 1 diabetes. The disease typically develops before the age of 30.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms:
- typically symptoms begin abruptly
- frequent urination
- excessive quantities of urine
- excessive thirst
- weight loss
- persistent hunger
- blurred vision
- quick to fatigue
- abdominal pain
- deep and rapid breathing
- breath smells like nail polish remover (ketones)
Diagnosis for type 1 diabetes is through blood testing.
There is currently no cure. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is through blood sugar monitoring and insulin administration (self-managed by individual from home).
Weight control through diet, exercise, and education are also very effective in helping control the disease.
Type 1 diabetes disease symptoms aside, the disease has potentially severe health effects if not treated or controlled properly.
Potentially fatal cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic conditions can result from the disease.