Early testicular cancer symptoms are generally few, yet consistent. They include enlargement of one of the testicles or development of a lump, or surface lumps, on one of the testicles.
A change in the shape of the normally smooth oval shape of the testicle may also signal the existence of a testicular tumor symptom.
Several different types of cancer can develop in the testicle (seminoma, teratoma, embryonal carcinoma, and choriocarcinoma). They typically strike in men less than 40 years of age.
Men whose testicles (one or both) did not descend properly as a child (before the age of 3) are at greater risk for developing testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer symptoms:
- enlarged testicle
- lump on testicle (sometimes painful or tender)
- sudden swelling of testicle
Diagnosis is accomplished by physical examination, blood testing, and surgical examination.
Treatment is generally fairly straightforward through removal of the cancerous testicle. The local lymph nodes in the abdomen may also be removed.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be employed to ensure complete killing of cancerous cells.
Prognosis for testicular cancer depends on the type of cancer and the extent of spread (if any).
The choriocarcinoma type of cancer has the poorest prognosis since it spreads rapidly. The majority of individuals with this cancer type do not survive beyond 5 years post-diagnosis.