Staph infection symptoms are caused by the bacteria (Staphlococcus aureus) and are varied depending on the site/region of infection.
The bacterium may infect regions of the skin/epidermis in different areas of the body as well entering the bloodstream and infecting organs such as the lungs, heart, and bones.
The Staph symptoms of each of these are covered separately below.
The multiple toxins produced by Staphlococcus aureus are also one of the agents which can be responsible for food poisoning.
Staphlococcus aureus is normally found on the skin of ~25% of healthy adults. Some trigger event may then allow these bacteria to enter the body and initiate infection.
Staph infection symptoms:
Hair follicle infection
- painful white pimple at the base of hairs
- warm, painful accumulation of pus below skin surface
- painful, red skin
- fever (if severe)
- fatigue (if severe)
Breast infection (typically following childbirth)
- painful, red area on breast
- painful, abscess in the breast
- shortness of breath
- rapid breathing
- difficulty breathing
- bone pain
- redness, swelling of infected area
- fluid buildup in joints
Diagnosis is typically through physical examination although laboratory blood testing can confirm this diagnosis.
Skin infections which are minor can be treated with ointments or oral antibiotics, once the infected areas have been drained of pus.
Blood infections and severe skin infections normally require intensive antibiotic therapy.
Prevention of infection and transmission can be increased through good hygiene practices.