Sinus infection symptoms are a result of an inflammation of the sinuses. There are 4 groups of sinuses surrounding the nose and each may become inflamed due to infection or allergy. The resulting condition, sinusitis, is very common.
Chronic sinus infections stretch beyond 2-3 months of duration. Typically these prolonged infectiosn can be attributed to pollution, allergy, or a serious infection by bacteria, fungus, or viruses.
Acute inflammation typically results when the sinus passage becomes blocked, sealing it, and preventing its contents from draining normally into the nasal cavity. This frequently occurs during the common cold where the virus causes inflammation of the nasal passage, which in turn, causes blockage of one or more sinus openings.
Inside the blocked sinus cavity bacteria proliferate, increase the inflammatory state and cause pressure and pain within the sinus.
Sinus infection symptoms:
- pain (“sinus pain”) in the areas surrounding the nose, eyes, forehead, and/or cheeks
- headache localized in region of affected sinus
- pus discharge from the nose
- nasal congestion or blockage
Diagnosis is typically through examination and observation of symptoms. X-ray or CT scan may be used in some cases of acute or chronic sinusitis.
Treatment is typically aimed at unblocking and draining the affected sinus cavity. Antibiotics may be given to treat bacterial infection and inflammation. Nasal sprays, antihistamines, and nasal washes may also be recommended to unblock and clear passageways.