Common, early Salmonella symptoms are nausea, abdominal pain and cramps, and watery diarrhea.
There are over 2000 known types of the bacterium Salmonella. Each can typically cause fever, tissue infections, and intestinal discomfort.
One form of Salmonella is responsible for causing typhoid fever.
The bacterium in some rare cases enters the bloodstream and may cause damage to heart valves, joints, and bones.
Symptoms are typically detected 12-48 hours following exposure and infection. Common sources of Salmonella are contaminated foods and pet reptiles (often turtles, snakes, lizards).
Salmonella infection symptoms:
- abdominal pain
- watery diarrhea
- intestinal cramps
Diagnosis is typically through laboratory testing of a rectal, stool, or blood sample.
Treatment is through rehydration and in some cases antibiotics. In cases of Salmonella infections of the blood, more drastic treatment is required.
Prevention is key through proper food preparation, good hygiene, and not keeping reptiles as pets.