Common pneumonia symptoms are a cough that brings up sputum from the lungs, chest pain, fever, and shortness of breath.
Pneumonia is blanket term which refers to an infection of the lungs and surrounding tissues. This infection may be caused by one of any number of microorganisms (virus, bacterium, or fungus).
Depending on where the pneumonia was contracted or developed, different pneumonia causes (organism), severity, and treatment are suspected.
Pneumonias acquired in a hospital versus in a nursing home, or in the community, typically have characteristic identifications.
Often pneumonia is a secondary condition in individuals with other diseases (versus a normally healthy person) and/or undergoing different therapies or drug treatments.
Pneumonia infection symptoms:
- cough with sputum
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
Diagnosis is typically through physical examination of chest/breathing sounds. A chest x-ray is routinely used to confirm diagnosis as well as laboratory examination of blood and sputum samples.
Treatment is typically with antibiotics in the case of bacterial pneumonias. Viral pneumonias may also be administered antibiotics if it is believed a bacterial infection could also develop.
Prevention is possible for some types of pneumonia with available vaccines.