Ovarian cysts are bulges or swells inside the ovary. Although most ovarian cysts are generally not cancerous, it would still be necessary to pay much attention to them and to treat them immediately. There are several kinds of ovarian cysts. There are those which are solid and there are those which contain fluids or mucus inside them. However, ovarian cysts could still be classified to more specific kinds. These kinds of ovarian cysts include functional cysts, dermoid cysts, mucinous cysts, endometriomas and solid ovarian tumours. Among these kinds, the functional cysts are the most common while mucinous cysts are one of the most dangerous.
Ovarian Cysts Symptoms
Ovarian cysts symptoms are often not felt or experienced especially if the cysts are small. However, individuals should be aware of the different ovarian cysts symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts include frequent bowel movements, abdominal pains and pain during sexual intercourse. Blood in the urine and stools is also one of the symptoms of ovarian cysts. This bleeding may vary from light to heavy depending on the classification of ovarian cyst that an individual has. Other ovarian cysts symptoms include delayed and painful menstrual periods, pressure on the abdomen, as well as abdominal discomfort.
Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis
Since most ovarian cysts do not manifest symptoms, generally, they are diagnosed through internal medical tests. Usually, the most common recommended test is ultrasound which is done by a gynecologist. They seek to identify the type of cyst that one has and helps in removing them. If ultrasound is not sufficient to characterize the cyst, then other tests like pelvic tests and laparoscopy can be performed as well.
Ovarian Cysts Treatment
One of the most used treatments of ovarian cysts is to monitor any changes over a period of time. Since some cysts could go away on their own, then, some doctors might advise a person with cyst to observe first if the condition goes away. And if not, then, actual treatments are done.
Treatments of ovarian cysts depend on the type and size of the cyst one has. Generally, doctors prescribe drugs and other oral contraceptives to remove functional cysts. However, for some serious cases which include those which did not response to drug treatment, surgery could be utilized. Some of the surgical procedures done include hysterectomy, laparotomy, oophorectomy, as well as salpingectomy.