Common early mononucleosis symptoms are extreme fatigue, fever, and a sore throat. The term mononucleosis is often abbreviated to ‘mono’ by the general public.
Mononucleosis is caused by a severe infection with the Epstein-Barr virus. As many as 95% of adults will have a mild Epstein-Barr virus infection at one time in their lives.
A severe infection may occur in teenagers and young adults. This infectious mononucleosis can be transmitted person-to-person from close contact.
Mono symptoms vary widely in severity. Different strains of the virus may be responsible for this variation. Mono infection symptoms are typically detected 30-50 days following exposure and infection.
Mononucleosis infection symptoms:
- extreme fatigue
- sore throat (pus in throat may form)
- swelling of lymph nodes (most commonly in the neck)
- general feeling of illness
- jaundice of the eyes
- skin rash
- behaviour abnormalities
Diagnosis is typically through blood testing.
Treatment is typically bed rest and with pain relievers of the NSAID family. Symptom relief is the key focus.