Common miscarriage symptoms are spotting or vaginal bleeding and uterine cramps.
A miscarriage is a spontaneous, natural abortion of a fetus before the 24th week of pregnancy. The majority of miscarriages occur before the 12th week of pregnancy. In detected pregnancies, the miscarriage rate is approximately 15%.
There are multiple, often complex reasons a miscarriage can occur. In obvious cases drug or alcohol use are to blame.
In other less obvious cases a genetic abnormality exists in the fetus or the woman has an undetected metabolic or physiological disorder.
One third of miscarriages have no identified cause.
In cases where the fetus has died and a miscarriage has not occurred an infection may develop which can cause fever, chills and a rapid heart rate.
- spotting or obvious vaginal bleeding
- discharge (mucus, clots) from the vagina
- uterine cramps
- rapid heart rate
Diagnosis of a miscarriage is typically through physical examination and ultrasonography.
In cases where the fetus is likely to not survive, bed rest and continued monitoring is advised.
In cases where the dead fetus or some tissues have not been expelled induction of labor and/or suction curettage is performed.
Treatment is typically psychiatric or family counseling to discuss the normal feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, and anxiety experienced following a miscarriage.