A lymphoma symptom is somewhat dependent on the type of lymphoma present. Although there typically is a common symptom of enlargement of the lymph nodes, there are variations in other symptoms based on the lymphoma type.
Lymphoma is a blood cancer affecting the lymphocyte white blood cells (B or T cells). There two major lymphoma types: Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is more common than the Hodgkin’s type, although non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas actually encompass more than 20 different cancer diseases.
- painless, enlarged lymph nodes most commonly in the groin, neck, or armpit
- enlarged lymph nodes may become painful after consuming large amounts of alcohol
- persistent fever
- night sweats
- weight loss
- enlargement of lymph nodes may cause cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, and/or abdominal pain
- loss of appetite
- abdominal pain
- leg swelling
- shortness of breath
- pale color skin
- increased infections
- increased bruising
- increased bleeding
Hodgkin’s disease (lymphoma) is a cancer that occurs rarely in children under 10 and mainly occurs in younger and older adults. Radiation and chemotherapy are standard treatments.
The majority of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas affect B lymphocytes and since some can appear in the bloodstream they have similar symptoms to leukemia cancers.
Diagnosis is typically through blood tests and lymph node biopsies. Common treatments are chemotherapy and antibodies injected intravenously.
Treatment is generally beneficial in extending life and relieving symptoms. There is potential for complete cure.