Symptom Diagnosis

Symptom Diagnosis

Kidney & Urinary Symptoms

  • Kidney and urinary symptoms can manifest themselves in many different ways depending on the type of disorder or condition.

    The urinary system is composed of the kidneys, the ureter (connecting the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder, and the urethra. In women the urethra exits the body anterior to the vagina. In men the urethra exits through the penis.

    Humans have two kidneys, each around five inches in length, that sit on either side of the spinal column.

    The kidneys have many functions. One is to filter the blood of waste products, excess water and fluids, and electrolytes. The kidneys collect this filtered material and then pass it through the ureter to the bladder for storage.

    Different kidney and urinary symptoms and disorders are covered below where more specific symptoms can be addressed.

    The kidneys also act to help control blood pressure by controlling sodium levels and secreting the enzyme, renin. The kidneys also produce and secrete the hormone erythropoietin which triggers the production of red blood cells. They are also involved in the metabolism of vitamin D.

    Any disease or disorder in which an enzyme is absent or does not work properly can create toxic effects, or drastic impairment in the function of an organ or tissue.

    Any disease or disorder in which a hormone is absent, is not produced in the appropriate quantities, or is not recognized by its target region can create drastic complications in the function of organs and tissues.

    The urinary tract is sterile (except possibly the urethra) in healthy individuals. An infection in any segment of the urinary tract can cause discomfort and potentially serious complications, especially if the kidney is affected.

    Different kidney and urinary symptoms and disorders are covered below where more specific symptoms can be addressed.