Juvenile diabetes symptoms and the cause of the disease itself mirror those of the adult form of the disease.
The hormone insulin, produced by cells in the pancreas, regulates the level of sugar in the blood. When the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body becomes unresponsive to insulin levels(type 2 diabetes), diabetes is the name of the condition that has developed.
The early juvenile childhood diabetes symptoms are not as significant as the complications that can arise due to low or high blood sugar levels.
Childhood diabetes symptoms can begin in infancy, although the disease typically strikes children aged 6 to 13 years.
In the past 15 years a drastic shift in the ratio of type 1 and type 2 diabetes cases in childhood has occurred.
The vast majority of cases had once been type 1 cases caused by an autoimmune disorder. Today, increasingly type 2 diabetes is occurring due to family genetic factors and rising levels of childhood obesity.
Juvenile diabetes symptoms:
- frequent urination
- excessive quantities of urine
- excessive thirst
- weight loss
- persistent hunger
- blurred vision
- quick to fatigue
- abdominal pain
- deep and rapid breathing
- breath smells like nail polish remover (ketones)
Diagnosis is performed through urine and blood testing.
Blood sugar level control is essential and can typically be achieved through diet, physical activity, weight loss/control, and likely drug treatment.
Monitoring and treatment for children can involve medical professionals more commonly than with adult diabetics who typically self-monitor and medicate.
Childhood diabetes has potentially severe health effects, aside from its childhood diabetes symptoms, if not treated or controlled properly.
Potentially fatal cardiovascular, neurological, and metabolic conditions can result from the disease.