The common IBD symptoms are chronic or recurring diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and abdominal cramps.
IBD is a condition where the intestinal lining becomes inflamed as a result of irritation and/or immune response to elements of/within the intestinal wall. The cells of the intestine are destroyed and large portions of the intestine become damaged and inoperative.
Recurring “flare-ups” are common in individuals when periods of remission are interrupted with periods of acute inflammation and severity of symptoms. The cause or trigger for these “flare-ups” is not well understood.
- diarrhea (sometimes bloody)
- abdominal cramps
- abdominal pain
Diagnosis is typically through physical examination and observation of symptoms. Tissue biopsy and sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy (camera imaging of the colon) can be used to confirm diagnosis.
Treatment is typically aimed at relieving symptoms, controlling the inflammation, and rehydrating the individual. This is typically achieved through bed rest, diet regimen, antidiarrheal drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs and/or immune modulation.
Surgical intervention is needed in emergency cases (bleeding, perforation, rupture, etc.) or to relieve chronic severe forms of the disease.