Hyperglycemia is a condition caused when an individual’s blood sugar is abnormally elevated. Individuals with diabetes mellitus often experience hyperglycemia. There are many hyperglycemia symptoms that can have many different causes.
Some potential causes of hyperglycemia (in diabetes)
- Skimping or skipping medication – Going without insulin or oral glucose lowering medicine when it is prescribed and recommended; may be the reason for hyperglycemia development.
- Contracting infection or illness.
- Stress increase – We all have a certain level of stress. But, when stress levels skyrocket or become high, individuals with diabetes can develop hyperglycemia.
- Physical activity that is strenuous
- Cutting physical activity – If you have a specific exercise routine and quickly shorten it or stop all together, this could be a trigger for hyperglycemia.
- Consuming too many calories or too much food.
- Overindulging in carbohydrates. By eating too many carbs or by not taking the proper amount of insulin to account for those carbs can mean trouble and hyperglycemia.
Avoiding Hyperglycemia Symptoms by Treatment
If you have diabetes and show signs of early hypoglycemia, your health care provider may suggest some of the following:
- Getting enough water – Water can help to remove any excess glucose from urine and can help prevent dehydration.
- Make changes to your eating habits – If you are not eating the right amount of certain food groups or are unintentionally making the improper choices, meeting with a dietician may help you with better understanding of what your body needs.
- Add more exercise into your daily plan – Exercise can help to lower your blood sugar levels. This is all dependent upon what type of diabetes you have and what your doctor recommends.
- Alter your medications – There are many instances where a change in medication may be necessary. This can simply be the amount, the time you take it, or even the type of medication you are taking.
There are hyperglycemia symptoms that occur early on that you should be aware of. Hyperglycemia can cause other dangers if left untreated (such as ketoacidosis). Early Hyperglycemia Symptoms may include:
- An increase in thirst
- Concentrating become difficult
- Increased blur in vision
- Increased fatigue. Easily tired or weak.
- Weight loss
- Frequent Urination
- A blood glucose level of more than 180 mg/dL
Knowing these early hyperglycemia signs is important because if it left untreated it can lead to:
- Infections of skin and/ or vagina
- Decrease in vision
- The healing process is slowed. Cuts or sores begin to heal at a slower rate.
- Nerve damage. This can cause feet to become insensitive or painfully cold. You can also begin to lose hair on your lower extremities and some cases have developed erectile dysfunction.
- Stomach and/or intestinal problems. This can include chronic constipation or diarrhea.
Hyperglycemia symptoms can be very serious and cause impairments for the rest of your life. Being aware of early symptoms can help you to prevent more serious symptoms from occurring.