High blood sugar symptoms are most commonly associated with diabetes mellitus in which the body can not properly control the level of sugar in the blood.
Due to the high sugar levels (hyperglycemia) in the blood high levels of sugar are filtered into the urine. When sugar levels are very high the urine becomes too concentrated with sugar and the body filters increasing amounts of water into the urine to dilute it.
The net result is the abnormal loss of high amounts of water in the urine which translates into frequent urination of large volumes.
To replace the water lost the individual will also experience persistent thirst in the body’s effort to avoid becoming dehydrated.
If dehydration becomes serious an individual may experience drowsiness, mental confusion, fatigue and blurred vision.
High blood sugar symptoms:
- frequent urination
- excessive thirst
- blurred vision
- weight loss
- excessive hunger
Serious, long term complications can arise from chronic high blood sugar levels. There is a greatly increased risk of suffering tissue damage and circulatory problems.
Diagnosis of hyperglycemia is typically through blood testing and detection of diabetes mellitus or another underlying condition.
Treatment is typically with antihyperglycemic drugs, exercise and diet. There are many different types of antihyperglycemic drugs with differing mechanisms of action. Routine monitoring of blood sugar levels is critical.