Hernia symptoms. Hernia is a general term for bulging or protrusion. This involves organs which abnormally bulge in some parts of the body. Although a hernia could be present anywhere in the body, they most commonly occur in the abdomen. More specifically, a hernia which involves the protrusion of the intestines through the abdominal wall. Hernia is most commonly caused by pregnancy, obesity, aging, as well as some surgical procedures.
There are several types of hernia depending on the place where they occur. Some of these types include the inguinal hernia that occurs in a person’s groin, femoral hernia which involves the lower body, umbilical hernia which happens mostly in infants and involves the navel and hiatal hernia which involves the bulging of the stomach through the diaphragm.
Some hernia symptoms are obvious discomfort felt by the affected individual. In some cases, hernias can self-correct and return to their original state. However, for some types of hernia such as the hiatal hernia, symptoms can’t easily be detected or felt.
However, in most cases, hernia symptoms include bulging or swelling of the particular organ, localized pain in the area affected, vomiting, urinary abnormalities, as well as constipation. Discomfort and pain in the affected area are also considered as hernia symptoms.
Generally, a hernia could be easily diagnosed. Since it is characterized by bulging of an organ, then, a doctor could just feel the affected area and detect if there is an abnormal bulge there. Also, at times, the doctor may ask the patient to cough since coughing creates pressure that causes the hernia to protrude even more. However, this is not always the case. There are some hernias that could not be diagnosed just by feeling the affected area, such as hiatal hernia.
For the case of the hiatal hernia, more procedures are made. One of these procedures is the barium swallow. The doctor would let the patient swallow some chalky substances and then get the patient to X-ray to see the hernia more clearly. In some cases also, doctors use endoscopy which involves the insertion of a tube to the mouth down to the esophagus to have a clearer view of the hernia.
There are several hernia treatments that could be done by a person experiencing it. For mild cases, some people choose not to seek medical help and try to push the hernia back to its original place. However, for those hernias that could not be pushed back, medical procedures are necessary, in particular surgery.