Granuloma inguinale is a chronic bacterial infection that is sexually transmitted and can cause painful lesions on the genital areas. This condition focuses primarily on the genital region and it’s mucous membranes. The sores that develop in the area can later turn into ulcers.
Granuloma inguinale is generally transmitted through sexual intercourse. It can also be transmitted when someone comes in contact with the birth canal or anal region. The infection rate of this infection is thought to have low transmission capability. A clinical infection require repeated contact and exposure, suggesting that it may be more difficult to contract than other commonly known STD’s. Granuloma inguinale symptoms are separated into four different forms of skin lesions. These include the following:
- Nodular – These can be raised bumps or tumor like areas of raised skin. These are usually around the contact site and will eventually ulcerate. These are sometimes mistaken for an individual lymph nodes.
- Ulcerovegetative – This is the most common form of lesion, developing from a nodular lesion. These are generally large and painless. This form tends to bleed and is a “beefy red” color. Normally occurring in the folds of the skin, they grow larger and tend to contract infection. The bacteria’s that infect the area can create a putrid odor that emits from the infection site.
- Cicatricial – These ulcers are usually dry and are sometimes associated with lymphedema (swelling of the lymph glands)
- Hypertrophic/ verrucous – This form is more rare than others and is a form of proliferative reaction (multiplies). These often resemble another form of STD, genital warts.
Treating Granuloma Inguinale Symptoms
There are antibiotics that are recommended for the treatment of granuloma inguinale. These include:
There are alternatives available. These include:
It is recommended that antibiotics be taken for at least 3 weeks. You should continue to take antibiotics until the presence of ulcers and the signs of the disease clear up. If you do not begin to see results within the first couple of days, you may need to take aminoglycoside in addition to the antibiotics. Relapse is possible. This can occur up to 18 months after the previous episode was treated. Pregnant women will require a different form of treatment. Sulfonamides are unable to be ingested by people who are pregnant or lactating. Instead, erythromycin is recommended as the alternative.
Preventing the Spread of Granuloma Inguinale
Granuloma Inguinale is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). There are certain precautions you can take to prevent the contraction of not only granuloma inguinale, but also sexually transmitted diseases in general.
- Abstinence or limited sexual partners – Having multiple partners raises your risk for contracting an STD. Abstinence is the only guaranteed method of preventing the spread of STDS and pregnancy.
- Use a condom – Although condoms are not 100% effective, they will help to protect you from STD’s. Pairing spermicidal lubricant can also help prevent contraction. This lubricant can help to kill some of the bacteria associated with STD’s. Granuloma inguinale symptoms are painful and can cause permanent scarring.