Diverticulosis symptoms are not normally detectable. The common formation of diverticula (diverticulosis) after the age of 40 is not in itself a relatively dangerous condition.
Diverticula are common bulging pocket outgrowths usually from the large intestine wall, typically in the last segment of the colon (the sigmoid colon).
They normally range in size from a few millimeters to many centimeters in diameter. Rarely giant diverticula can form in excess of 15 centimeters in diameter.
Diverticulosis could arise from weaknesses in the large intestine wall, which upon contraction of the colon muscles during normal digestion, form bulges which eventually form permanent pocket outgrowths in the colon wall.
Complications do arise when diverticula become infected (diverticulitis, or rupture a nearby blood vessel and thus cause bleeding.
Diverticulosis formation symptoms:
- typically none
- possibly abdominal cramps
- possibly diarrhea
- possibly bowel movement problems
Diagnosis typically follows a complication that arises due to the diverticulosis, such as diverticulitis, since diverticulosis itself is typically asymptomatic.
Colonoscopy, CT scan, and barium enema x-ray could be used to detect the presence of diverticulosis.
Treatment is typically with appropriate methods to treat the complication arising from the diverticulosis.