The typical diverticulitis symptoms are fever and pain in the lower left abdomen. It is the result of the infection and inflammation of diverticula in the large intestine.
Diverticula are common bulging pocket outgrowths usually from the large intestine wall, typically in the last segment of the colon (the sigmoid colon). They typically form in individuals after the age of 40. This condition is called diverticulosis.
Commonly elderly individuals taking immunosuppressant drugs who have existing diverticula can develop the infection.
Diverticulitis infection symptoms:
- abdominal pain (typically lower left abdomen)
Diagnosis is typically through CT scan or ultrasound imaging techniques. A colonoscopy or barium enema x-ray can be used to confirm the presence of diverticula.
Treatment is typically with antibiotics, liquid diet, and rest. Gradually fiber is introduced back into the diet. Severe infections are typically additionally treated with intravenous fluids, fasting, and bed rest.
Surgical intervention is needed in cases where the infection does not improve, and in extreme cases where rupture and significant bleeding occur. Affected portions of the colon may be removed and/or a colostomy created in surgery.