Insulin is a hormone in the blood which regulates the intake of sugars into the cells of the body.
Whenever the body can not create insulin properly, or when the cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is present, diabetes is the name given to the resulting condition.
There is a third form of diabetes, diabetes insipidus, which has a different mechanism and does not involve sugar metabolism.
The common early diabetes mellitus disease symptoms are frequent urination, excessive thirst, and weight loss. The symptoms are the result of high sugar levels within the blood and low sugar levels within the cells.
Diabetes mellitus symptoms:
- frequent urination
- excessive quantities of urine
- excessive thirst
- weight loss
- persistent hunger
- blurred vision
- quick to fatigue
- abdominal pain
- deep and rapid breathing
- breath smells like nail polish remover (ketones)
The health complications which arise from poorly controlled or untreated diabetes are serious and potentially fatal. Essentially the majority of organs and tissues are affected and/or damaged.
Proper control of diabetes is achieved through blood sugar level monitoring. This is a simple process which can be self-managed from home.
Diagnosis is typically made though blood testing. Treatment is well established and includes exercise, diet, education, and drugs. Recent advancements in treatment involve improved methods in delivering insulin and implantation of insulin-producing cells.