Chlamydia symptoms are caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Symptoms typically appear 4 days to 4 weeks following initial exposure.
Infection occurs during unprotected sexual activity with an infected partner.
For some individuals the infection produces no chlamydia infection symptoms, thus, transmission can occur to an unprotected sexual partner without detectable symptoms.
Chlamydia infection symptoms do differ slightly in males and females. Females are more likely to not develop detectable symptoms.
There are two forms of classified chlamydia conditions: chlamydial cervicitis and lymphogranuloma venereum, each with unique symptoms and progression.
- burning sensation while urinating (male)
- pus or cloudy or clear discharge from penis
- overnight penis opening is stuck together with dried discharge and is inflamed/red
- frequent urination (male and female)
- painful urination (male and female)
- pain in lower abdomen (female)
- pain during sexual intercourse (female)
- pus and/or yellow mucus discharge from the urethra (female)
- if infected in anus, pus and/or mucus discharge from anus
- painless blister on penis or vagina
- swelling lymph nodes in groin
- sore lymph nodes in groin
- if prolonged infection, tissue swelling due to blocked lymphatic vessels
Diagnosis is typically provided by laboratory examination of the discharge from the penis or vagina, or from a urine sample. Lymphogranuloma venereum is typically diagnosed through a blood test.
Early chlamydia symptoms typically disappear within a month if not treated.
In females, later complications can arise due to infection and scarring in the fallopian tubes. In males, the scrotum can become infected and swell, causing considerable pain.
Treatment is commonly oral administration of antibiotics. Prevention is the key to control of the spread of the disease by using protective measures during sexual activity.